Solomos Stavros

Stavros Solomos
Senior Researcher

Biographical note

Positions and Studies

Stavros Solomos received his B.Sc. in Physics, M.Sc. in Environmental Physics / Meteorology and PhD in Meteorology / Atmospheric Modeling from the University of Athens, Greece in 2001, 2003 and 2011 respectively. During 2006-2013 he worked as research associate at the Atmospheric Modeling and Weather Forecasting Group at the University of Athens. During 2013-2020, he worked as Postdoctoral Researcher at the Institute for Astronomy, Astrophysics, Space Applications and Remote Sensing (IAASARS) of the National Observatory of Athens (NOA). He is Senior Researcher at the Research Centre for Atmospheric Physics and Climatology of the Academy of Athens.

Research and teaching 

His research focuses on numerical model development, modeling of atmospheric physical processes at all scales, aerosols and their impacts on weather and climate (e.g. desert dust, sea salt, biomass), severe atmospheric phenomena (e.g. hurricanes, floods, haboobs), air pollution, dispersion modeling and model-remote sensing synergies (e.g. satellite assimilation, source-receptor apportionment). He is the co-developer of the atmospheric model RAMS-ICLAMS at the University of Athens and the FireHub and DustHub services at the National Observatory of Athens. 

He has 59 publications in scientific journals (h-index = 19, Scopus). He has more than 80 conference publications and he is reviewer in 17 international scientific journals. He has participated in 11 international campaigns related to atmospheric research as expert for the modeling of atmospheric processes. He has been actively involved in >30 research projects (in 4 as PI). He is the coordinator of H.F.R.I. project MegDeth dealing with the research of dust aerosol and Working Group Leader COST Action CA21119, HARMONIA: International network for harmonization of atmospheric aerosol retrievals from ground-based photometers.

He teaches the class "Introduction to Climate Change" at the Inter-disciplinary MSc Program “Protection of Cultural Heritage and Monuments of Nature from the Effects of Climate Change” of the Hellenic Open University and the Academy of Athens (2022- ). In 2018 he worked as Appointed Assistant Professor at the University of Athens teaching the class “Dynamic and Synoptic Meteorology” at the Department of Mathematics. During 2015-2019 he lectured the classes “Earth System Science” and “Space Applications” at the MSc program “Space Science Technologies and Applications” of the National Observatory of Athens. He is member of consulting and examination committees for MSc and PhD.

Indicative Publications (

  • Amiridis, V.; Kazadzis, S.; Gkikas, A.; Voudouri, K.A.; Kouklaki, D.; Koukouli, M.-E.; Garane, K.; Georgoulias, A.K.; Solomos, S.; Varlas, G.; et al. Natural Aerosols, Gaseous Precursors and Their Impacts in Greece: A Review from the Remote Sensing Perspective. Atmosphere 2024, 15, 753.
  • Gidarakou, M.; Papayannis, A.; Kokkalis, P.; Evangeliou, N.; Vratolis, S.; Remoundaki, E.; Groot Zwaaftink, C.; Eckhardt, S.; Veselovskii, I.; Mylonaki, M.; Argyrouli, A., Eleftheriadis, K., Solomos, S., Gini, M., Optical and Microphysical Properties of the Aerosols during a Rare Event of Biomass-Burning Mixed with Polluted Dust. Atmosphere 202415, 190.
  • Maria Mylonaki, Maria Gini, Maria Georgopoulou, Marika Pilou, Eleftheria Chalvatzaki, Stavros Solomos, Evangelia Diapouli, Elina Giannakaki, Mihalis Lazaridis, Spyros N. Pandis, Athanasios Nenes, Konstantinos Eleftheriadis, Alexandros Papayannis, Wildfire and African dust aerosol oxidative potential, exposure and dose in the human respiratory tract, Science of The Total Environment, Volume 913, 2024, 169683, ISSN 0048-9697,
  • Stavros Solomos, Christos Spyrou, Africa Baretto, Emilio Cuevas, Sergio Rodríguez, Yenny González, Marina Neophytou, Petros Mouzourides, Nicolaos Bartsotas, Christina Kalogeri, Slobodan Nickovic, Goran Pejanovic, Bojan Cvetkovic, Vassilis Amiridis, Olga Sykioti, Antonis Gkikas, Christos Zerefos, The Development of METAL-WRF Regional Model for the Description of Dust Mineralogy in the Atmosphere. Atmosphere 2023, 14, 1615.
  • Amiridis, V., Kampouri, A., Gkikas, A., Misios S., Gialitaki A., Marinou E.,  Rennie M., Benedetti A., Solomos S., Zanis P., Vasardani O., Eleftheratos K., Paschou P., Georgiou T., Scollo S., Mona L., Papagiannopoulos N., Retscher C., Parrinello P., Straume A.G., Aeolus winds impact on volcanic ash early warning systems for aviation. Sci Rep 13, 7531 (2023).
  • Masoom, A., Fountoulakis, I., Kazadzis, S., Raptis, I.-P., Kampouri, A., Psiloglou, B. E., Kouklaki, D., Papachristopoulou, K., Marinou, E., Solomos, S., Gialitaki, A., Founda, D., Salamalikis, V., Kaskaoutis, D., Kouremeti, N., Mihalopoulos, N., Amiridis, V., Kazantzidis, A., Papayannis, A., Zerefos, C. S., and Eleftheratos, K.: Investigation of the effects of the Greek extreme wildfires of August 2021 on air quality and spectral solar irradiance, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 8487–8514,, 2023.
  • Benedetto De Rosa, Francesco Amato, Aldo Amodeo, Giuseppe D’Amico, Claudio Dema, Alfredo Falconieri, Aldo Giunta, Pilar Gumà-Claramunt, Anna Kampouri, Stavros Solomos, Michail Mytilinaios, Nikolaos Papagiannopoulos, Donato Summa, Igor Veselovskii, Lucia Mona, Characterization of Extremely Fresh Biomass Burning Aerosol by Means of Lidar Observations, Remote Sens. 2022, 14, 4984., 2022
  • Kapsomenakis J., Douvis C., Poupkou A., Zerefos S., Solomos S., Stavraka T., Melis N. S., Kyriakidis E., Kremlis G., Zerefos C.,Climate change threats to cultural and natural heritage UNESCO sites in the Mediterranean, Environment, Development and Sustainability, 1573-2975,
  • Drakaki, E., Amiridis, V., Tsekeri, A., Gkikas, A., Proestakis, E., Mallios, S., Solomos, S., Spyrou, C., Marinou, E., Ryder, C. L., Bouris, D., and Katsafados, P.: Modeling coarse and giant desert dust particles, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 22, 12727–12748,
  • Adam M., Fragkos K., Solomos S., Belegante L., Andrei S., Talianu C., Marmureanu L., Antonescu B., Ene D., Nicolae  V., Amiridis V. Methodology for Lidar Monitoring of Biomass Burning Smoke in Connection with the Land Cover. Remote Sens. 2022, 14, 4734. 
  • Spyrou, C.; Solomos, S.; Bartsotas, N.S.; Douvis, K.C.; Nickovic, S. Development of a Dust Source Map for WRF-Chem Model Based on MODIS NDVI. Atmosphere 202213, 868.
  • Papanikolaou, C.-A.; Kokkalis, P.; Soupiona, O.; Solomos, S.; Papayannis, A.; Mylonaki, M.; Anagnou, D.; Foskinis, R.; Gidarakou, M. Australian Bushfires (2019–2020): Aerosol Optical Properties and Radiative Forcing. Atmosphere 202213, 867.
  • Ravan, P., Ahmady-Birgani, H., Solomos, S., Yassin, M. F., & Abasalinezhad, H. (2022). Wet scavenging in removing chemical compositions and aerosols: A case study over the Lake Urmia. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 127, e2021JD035896. https://doi. org/10.1029/2021JD035896
  • Solomos, S., Lida Dimitriadou, John Kapsomenakis, Ioannis Binietoglou, Panagiotis Nastos, Christos Zerefos, Development of the weather and climate service “CRITERION” for the touristic sector in e-SHAPE,  FMI’s Climate Bulletin: Research Letters, Volume: 4, Issue: 1, DOI: , 2022
  • Solomos, S.; Nastos, P.T.; Emmanouloudis, D.; Koutsouraki, A.; Zerefos, C. A Modeling Study on the Downslope Wind of “Katevatos” in Greece and Implications for the Battle of Arachova in 1826. Atmosphere 202112, 993.
  • Dimitriou, K., Bougiatioti, A., Ramonet, M., Pierros, F., Michalopoulos, P.,Liakakou, E., Solomos, S., Quehe, P.-Y., Delmotte, M., Gerasopoulos, E., Kanakidou, M., Mihalopoulos,N., Greenhouse gases (CO2 and CH4) at an urban background site in Athens, Greece: Levels,sources and impact of atmospheric circulation, Atmospheric Environment, 2021,
  • Nickovic, S., Cvetkovic, B., Petković, S. Amiridis, V., Pejanović, G., Solomos, S., Marinou, E., Nikolic, J., Cloud icing by mineral dust and impacts to aviation safety. Sci Rep 11, 6411 (2021)
  • Kokkalis, P.; Soupiona, O.; Papanikolaou, C.-A.; Foskinis, R.; Mylonaki, M.; Solomos, S.; Vratolis, S.; Vasilatou, V.; Kralli, E.; Anagnou, D.; Papayannis, A. Radiative Effect and Mixing Processes of a Long-Lasting Dust Event over Athens, Greece, during the COVID-19 Period. Atmosphere 202112, 318.
  • Konsta, D.; Tsekeri, A.; Solomos, S.; Siomos, N.; Gialitaki, A.; Tetoni, E.; Lopatin, A.; Goloub, P.; Dubovik, O.; Amiridis, V.; Nastos, P. The Potential of GRASP/GARRLiC Retrievals for Dust Aerosol Model Evaluation: Case Study during the PreTECT Campaign. Remote Sens. 202113, 873.
  • Varlas, G.; Marinou, E.; Gialitaki, A.; Siomos, N.; Tsarpalis, K.; Kalivitis, N.; Solomos, S.; Tsekeri, A.; Spyrou, C.; Tsichla, M.; et al. Assessing sea-state effects on sea-salt aerosol modeling in the lower atmosphere using lidar and in-situ measurements. Remote Sens. 2021, 13, 614.
  • Raptis, I.-P.; Eleftheratos, K.; Kazadzis, S.; Kosmopoulos, P.; Papachristopoulou, K.; Solomos, S. The Combined Effect of Ozone and Aerosols on Erythemal Irradiance in an Extremely Low Ozone Event during May 2020. Atmosphere 202112, 145.
  • Kampouri, A.; Amiridis, V.; Solomos, S.; Gialitaki, A.; Marinou, E.; Spyrou, C.; Georgoulias, A.K.; Akritidis, D.; Papagiannopoulos, N.; Mona, L.; Scollo, S.; Tsichla, M.; Tsikoudi, I.; Pytharoulis, I.; Karacostas, T.; Zanis, P. Investigation of Volcanic Emissions in the Mediterranean: “The Etna–Antikythera Connection”. Atmosphere 202112, 40.
  • Zerefos, C.S., Solomos, S., Kapsomenakis, J., Poupkou A., Dimitriadou L., Polychroni I.D., Kalabokas P., Philandras C.M., Thanos D., Lessons learned and questions raised during and post-COVID-19 anthropopause period in relation to the environment and climate. Environ Dev Sustain (2020).
  • Zerefos, C.; Solomos, S.; Melas, D.; Kapsomenakis, J.; Repapis, C. The Role of Weather during the Greek–Persian “Naval Battle of Salamis” in 480 B.C.. Atmosphere 2020, 11, 838., 2020
  • Solomos S., A. Gialitaki, E. Marinou, E. Proestakis, V. Amiridis, Holger Baars, Mika Compula, Albert Ansmann, Modeling and remote sensing of an indirect Pyro-Cb formation and biomass transport from Portugal wildfires towards Europe, Atmospheric Environment, , 2019
  • Solomos, S., Abuelgasim, A., Spyrou, C., Binietoglou, I., and Nickovic, S.: Development of a dynamic dust source map for NMME-DREAM v1.0 model based on MODIS Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) over the Arabian Peninsula, Geosci. Model Dev., 12, 979–988,, 2019
  • Solomos, S., Bougiatioti, A., Soupiona, O., Papayannis, A., Mylonaki, M., Papanikolaou, C., Argyrouli, A., Nenes, A., Effects of regional and local atmospheric dynamics on the aerosol and CCN load over Athens, Atmospheric Environment (2018), doi: j.atmosenv.2018.10.025., 2018
  • Solomos, S., Kalivitis, N., Mihalopoulos, N., Amiridis, V., Kouvarakis, G., Gkikas, A., Binietoglou, I., Tsekeri, A., Kazadzis, S., Kottas, M., Pradhan, Y., Proestakis, E., Nastos, P.T., Marenco, F. From Tropospheric Folding to Khamsin and Foehn Winds: How Atmospheric Dynamics Advanced a Record-Breaking Dust Episode in Crete. Atmosphere 2018, 9, 240., 2018
  • Solomos, S., Ansmann, A., Mamouri, R.-E., Binietoglou, I., Patlakas, P., Marinou, E., and Amiridis, V.: Remote sensing and modelling analysis of the extreme dust storm hitting the Middle East and eastern Mediterranean in September 2015, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 4063-4079, doi:10.5194/acp-17-4063-2017, 2017
  • Zerefos, C. S., Eleftheratos, K., Kapsomenakis, J., Solomos, S., Inness, A., Balis, D., Redondas, A., Eskes, H., Allaart, M., Amiridis, V., Dahlback, A., De Bock, V., Diémoz, H., Engelmann, R., Eriksen, P., Fioletov, V., Gröbner, J., Heikkilä, A., Petropavlovskikh, I., Jarosławski, J., Josefsson, W., Karppinen, T., Köhler, U., Meleti, C., Repapis, C., Rimmer, J., Savinykh, V., Shirotov, V., Siani, A. M., Smedley, A. R. D., Stanek, M., and Stübi, R.: Detecting volcanic sulfur dioxide plumes in the Northern Hemisphere using the Brewer spectrophotometers, other networks, and satellite observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 551-574, doi:10.5194/acp-17-551-2017, 2017
  • Solomos, S., V. Amiridis, P. Zanis, E. Gerasopoulos, F.I. Sofiou, T. Herekakis, J. Brioude, A. Stohl, R.A. Kahn, C. Kontoes, Smoke dispersion modeling over complex terrain using high resolution meteorological data and satellite observations – The FireHub platform , Atmospheric Environment, Volume 119, October 2015, Pages 348–361, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.08.066, 2015
  • Amiridis V., E. Marinou, A. Tsekeri, U. Wandinger, A. Schwarz, E. Giannakaki, R. Mamouri, P. Kokkalis, I. Binietoglou, S. Solomos, T. Herekakis, S. Kazadzis, E. Gerasopoulos, D. Balis, A. Papayannis, C. Kontoes, K. Kourtidis, N. Papagiannopoulos, L. Mona, G. Pappalardo, O. Le Rille, and A. Ansmann LIVAS: a 3-D multi-wavelength aerosol/cloud climatology based on CALIPSO and EARLINET, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 7127-7153,, 2015
  • Solomos, S., Kallos, G., Mavromatidis, E., Kushta, J.: “Density Currents as a Desert Dust Mobilization Mechanism”, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 11199–11211, doi:10.5194/acp-12-11199-2012, 2012
  • Solomos, S., Kallos, G., Kushta, J., Astitha, M., Tremback, C., Nenes, A., Levin, Z.: An integrated modeling study on the effects of mineral dust and sea salt particles on clouds and precipitation, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 873–892,  doi:10.5194/acp-11-873-2011, 2011


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